since 2000 release
Repair and operation of the car
+ Governing bodies and methods of safe operation
+ Current leaving and service
+ Cooling systems, heating and air conditioner
+ Power supply systems, release and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases
+ Systems of electric equipment of the engine
+ Manual box of gear shifting
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling, power shafts and differential
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Onboard electric equipment
Current leaving and service
This Head is made to help the amateur mechanic to support the car in a condition of maximum efficiency of operational parameters, profitability, safety and reliability. Further you will find the full schedule of procedures of routine maintenance of the car, and also the Sections devoted to the description of service of its separate systems in the Head. Sections included descriptions of visual checks, adjustments, replacements a component and other useful tips. Separate a component illustrations with types of a motive compartment and the bottom of the car will help to define location. Serving the car according to the kilometrazhno-time schedule and following the detailed remarks provided below, you receive the accurate program of service capable to provide long and reliable service of your car. Remember that this plan is exhaustive, both implementation of its separate points and neglect by others will not give the expected result.
In the course of service of the car you are convinced soon of what is possible - and it is necessary - to combine many procedures in view of similarity of actions for their performance. For example, if the car is raised above the ground for chassis lubricant, it is necessary at the same time while you are under the car, to examine system of production of the fulfilled gases, a suspension bracket, system of steering and fuel system. If wheels are removed for carrying out other works, there is a sense to check brake mechanisms. And at last, suppose, that you had to lend or hire a dynamometer key. Even if it is necessary to you only to tighten spark plugs, you can check at the same time efforts of tightening of so many critical nuts and bolts on how many there will be enough time.
The first step in implementation of the program of maintenance of the car is self-preparation. Attentively study materials of all Sections relating to the forthcoming procedures then prepare all necessary materials, the equipment and tools. If you are afraid to face problems when performing any concrete works, consult at the expert or at the person who was already carrying out this work.
Cowl of a motive compartment
At an open cowl and the working engine there is a danger of traumatizing.
The engine is equipped with electronic system of ignition. In view of the high voltage of system of ignition it is very dangerous to touch elements of system of ignition (the ignition coil, the ignition distributor, a wire of high voltage, tips of spark plugs, the control socket):
Unlocking of a cowl
The handle of unlocking of a cowl is in interior of the car.
Opening of a cowl
Before opening of a cowl be convinced that brushes of a screen wiper are on a windshield. Otherwise they can damage a paint and varnish covering.
Work in podkapotny space
When carrying out any sort of works in podkapotny space extra care is required! Types under a cowl are given on сопр. illustrations.
Look under a cowl of the 4-cylinder petrol engine
Look under a cowl of the 6-cylinder petrol engine
Look under a cowl of the 4-cylinder diesel engine
Look under a cowl of the 6-cylinder diesel engine
Closing of a cowl