Audi S4

since 2000 release

Repair and operation of the car



Audi S4
+ Introduction
- Governing bodies and methods of safe operation
   Governing bodies and devices
   Information system of the driver (FIS)
   Unlocking and locking of the car
   Lighting and providing review
   Seats and niches
   Heater, ventilation and conditioner of air
   Automatic Transmission (AT)
   Communication and navigation
   Universal remote radio control of HOME LINK®
   Security systems
   Features of operation and auxiliary systems
   Running in
   Towage of the trailer
   In case of emergency
   Gas station of the car
+ Current leaving and service
+ Engine
+ Cooling systems, heating and air conditioner
+ Power supply systems, release and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases
+ Systems of electric equipment of the engine
+ Manual box of gear shifting
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling, power shafts and differential
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment





Automatic Transmission (AT)

5-staged Tiptronic

Introduction

The car is completed with 5-staged automatic transmission with electronic control. Switching to the raised and lowered steps is carried out automatically.

For the reasons of fuel consumption and environmental protection on some modifications transmission is arranged so that the maximum speed of the car is reached only in situation "S".

The transmission is completed also with the tiptronic system. This system gives to the driver, at desire, a possibility of manual switching.

Maintenance instructions of automatic transmission

Switching to the raised and lowered steps of the forward course is carried out automatically.

Fragment of the central console: the selector lever with the blocking button

Start-off from the place

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Press and hold a brake pedal.
  2. Holding pressed the blocking button (on the selector lever), install the selector lever in the necessary situation, for example, situation "D", and release the blocking button.
  3. Wait until automatic equipment executes inclusion, having created power communication of the transmission with driving wheels (at the time of inclusion the little push is notable).
  4. Release a pedal of a brake and press an accelerator pedal.

Short-term stops

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Hold the car a brake pedal, for example, at traffic lights.
  2. At the same time do not press an accelerator pedal.

Parking

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Press and hold a brake pedal.
  2. Completely tighten the emergency brake.
  3. Holding pressed the blocking button, install the selector lever in situation "P" and release the blocking button.

The engine can be started only when finding the lever of the selector in situation "P" or "N", see Features of operation and auxiliary systems.

At the parking out of the blue it is enough to install the selector lever in situation "P". At a slope of the road tighten at first against the stop the emergency brake and only then transfer the selector lever to situation "P". Thanks to it load of the mechanism of blocking decreases and moving of the lever of the selector from situation "P" is facilitated.

Provisions of the lever of the selector

The description of all provisions of the lever of the selector is provided in this section.

Display: provisions of the lever of the selector

The allocated indication of actual position of the lever of the selector is brought to the display of the control panel.

Р - parking blocking

In this situation driving wheels are blocked mechanically. This situation should be included only on the motionless car.

For installation of the lever of the selector in situation "P" and its conclusion from this situation press the blocking button (on the selector lever) and, at the same time, a brake pedal.

R - transfer of a backing

At installation of the lever of the selector this situation joins transfer of a backing.

Include transfer of a backing only at the motionless car and during the operation of the engine idling.

For installation of the lever of the selector in situation "K" press the button of blocking and at the same time a brake pedal. At the included ignition and finding of the lever of the selector in situation "R" backing headlights burn.

N - neutral situation (provision of idling)

This situation is the provision of idling.

D - a basic position at advance

In this situation switching to the raised and lowered steps of the forward course is carried out automatically, depending on loading of the engine, speed and the dynamic program of switching (DPS).

From situation "R" in situation "D" at a speed less than 5 km/h or the motionless car it is necessary for the translation of the lever of the selector press a brake pedal.

Under certain circumstances, (for example, at the movement in mountains or with the trailer) it is more preferable to switch temporarily to the manual program of switching see below.

S - sports situation

Install the selector lever in situation "S" at the movement in the sports mode. Later switching to the raised steps allows to use engine capacity reserves completely.

For the translation of the lever of the selector from situation "N" in situation "S" at a speed less than 5 km/h or the motionless car press a brake pedal

At the inadvertent transfer during the movement of the lever of the selector to situation "N" before returning to the D or S mode, dump gas and wait for falling of turns to the idling mode.

For the reasons of fuel consumption and environmental protection on some modifications transmission is arranged so that the maximum speed of the car is reached only in situation "S"

Blocking of the lever of the selector

Blocking of the lever of the selector prevents involuntary inclusion of range of the movement and by that the spontaneous movement of the car from the place.

Cancellation of blocking is carried out as follows:

  1. Include ignition.
  2. Press a pedal of a brake and hold at the same time pressed the blocking button.

Automatic blocking of the lever of the selector

At the included ignition the lever of the selector is blocked in situation "P" and "N". For moving it from these provisions press a brake pedal. As a reminder to the driver when finding the lever of the selector the following indication is published in provisions "P" and "N" on the display:

Beim Einlegen einer Fahrstufe im Stand Fussbremse betatigen (at the choice of the mode of the movement of the motionless car press a brake pedal).

Besides, on the coulisse of the lever of the selector the symbol of automatic blocking of the lever of the selector lights up.

The lever of the selector is blocked only on the motionless car, and also at a speed up to 5 km/h. At a speed approximately from 5 km/h and there is an automatic cancellation of blocking of the lever of the selector which is in situation "N" above.

At bystry (without pauses) the translation of the lever of the selector through situation "N" (for example, from situation "R" in situation "D") the lever of the selector is not blocked. It gives, for example, the chance of the movement "vraskachku" of the got stuck car. If the selector lever at the released pedal of a brake is more than 1 second in situation "N", then it is blocked.

Blocking button

The button of blocking of the lever of the selector interferes with involuntary transfer of the lever of the selector to some provisions. When pressing this button the lever of the selector is deblocked.

Blocking of a key in the ignition lock

After switching off of ignition the key can be taken from the lock only when finding the lever of the selector in situation "P" (parking blocking).

After extraction of a key from the lock the lever is blocked in situation "P".

Kick-down device

The Kick-down device allows to realize the maximum acceleration.

By sharp pressing of a pedal of an accelerator with transition of a point of resistance automatic equipment switches, depending on turns and speed, to a low gear. Switching to the following overgear happens right after achievement of the maximum turns of the engine corresponding to this transfer.

Dynamic program of switching (DPS)

Management of automatic transmission is carried out by electronics.

Management of automatic transmission is carried out by electronics. Switching to the raised and low gears is carried out according to the programs of the movement which are stored in memory.

At a reserved manner of driving automatic equipment chooses the economic program of switching.

At a temperamental manner of driving with sharp dispersals and frequent differences of speed, or after sharp pressing a pedal of an accelerator (Kick-down) automatic equipment works with use of the maximum speed in the range of sports programs. Late transition to overgears allows to realize an engine capacity stock completely. Switching to low gears is carried out at higher turns of the engine.

The choice of the optimum program of the movement on specific conditions represents continuous process. However irrespective of it it is possible to switch to more sports program, having sharply pressed an accelerator pedal. At the same time the transmission switches to the lowered step corresponding to the actual speed of the movement, providing a possibility of dynamic dispersal (for example, when overtaking) without the need for sharp pressing against the stop to an accelerator pedal. After the return switching to the raised step and at the corresponding mode of driving work on the initial program is restored.

The program of the movement in mountains operates the choice of transfers on rises and descents. Thanks to it it is not required to switch at the movement to rise. Pressing of a pedal of a brake at the movement under a bias carries out switching to the lowered step. Thereof it is possible to brake the engine, without resorting to manual switching.

Tiptronic mode

The Tiptronic system gives to the driver the chance of also manual gear shifting.

Central console: provision of manual switching (tiptronic)

Display: indication of manual switching

Switching to the manual mode

Wring out the selector lever from situation "D" to the right. At the included manual mode on the display indication 5 4 3 2 1 with allocation of the transfer included at the moment appears.

Switching to overgears

  • When translating the lever of the selector forward (in situation Tiptronic) there is a switching to overgears.

Switching to low gears

  • When translating the lever of the selector back (in situation Tiptronic) there is a switching to low gears.

It is possible to switch to the manual mode both during the movement, and during the parking.

At dispersal at 1, 2, 3 and 4 steps the box will automatically switch to the following raised step of achievement of the maximum turns of the engine shortly.

When switching from an overgear to lowered automatic switching is possible only when there is impossible excess of the engine turns defined for these conditions.

During the operation of the Kick-down device transmission switches to the watching lowered step depending on speed and turns of the engine

Emergency program

In case of malfunction of system automatic equipment switches to the emergency program.

At malfunction of system automatic equipment switches to the emergency program. About it fire or extinction of all segments of the display panel signals at once.

At the same time the lever of the selector can be transferred to all provisions. However in provisions "D" and "S" the 4th step will join.

Perhaps also inclusion of transfer of a backing of "R". However electronic blocking of transfer of a backing during the work in emergency operation is turned off.

In emergency operation the manual program of switching (Tiptronic) is disconnected.

When switching the transmission in emergency operation address on HUNDRED for performing diagnostics and elimination of malfunction.

Steering wheel of Tiptronic

The keys located on a steering wheel give to the driver the chance of also manual gear shifting.

Steering wheel: keys (Tiptronic)

Switching to overgears

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Press the top party of one of keys (+)

Switching to low gears

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Press the lower party of one of keys

Keys of switching of steps are in an operating mode when the lever of the selector is installed in situation "D", "S" or in the provision of the manual program of switching (Tiptronic). At the included manual program of switching of a key on a steering wheel are lit.

Certainly, at the same time also manual switching of steps the selector lever on the central console is possible.

Klinotsepna Multitronic® variator

Introduction

Models it is completed with stepless transmission with electronic control (klinotsepny Multitronic® variator). Unlike usual automatic transmission the transfer number changes not step gear shifting, and is continuous. It promotes along with another to optimization of comfort of traction effort and provides optimum fuel consumption.

The choice of the corresponding transfer relation of transmission (switching to the increased and lowered ranges of the movement) is carried out completely automatically, agrees to the programs of the movement which are stored in memory, see below, "The dynamic program of regulation (DRP)".

The transmission is completed also with the Tiptronic system. This system gives to the driver, at desire, a possibility of manual switching of ranges, see below.

Maintenance instructions

On the car with Multitronic transmission communication of the engine with driving wheels, unlike usual automatic transmission, is carried out through multidisk coupling, but not via the torque converter. As a result the car is a little less subject to the spontaneous movement at short-term stops with idling the engine and the selector lever installed in situation "D", "S" or "R". It is necessary to remember it first of all on biases/rises if you went by the car with usual automatic transmission with the converter of torque earlier and are not familiar with this feature of a variator yet see. "Maintenance instructions of the car with Multitronic®

Fragment of the central console: the selector lever with the blocking button

Start-off from the place

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Press and hold a brake pedal.
  2. Holding pressed the blocking button (on the selector lever), install the selector lever in situation "D" and release the blocking button.
  3. Wait until automatic equipment executes inclusion, having created power communication of the transmission with driving wheels (at the time of inclusion the little push is notable).
  4. Release a pedal of a brake and press an accelerator pedal.

Short-term stops

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Stop the car a brake pedal.
  2. Press and hold a brake pedal (for example, at traffic lights) so that idling to exclude the spontaneous movement of the car forward or back.
  3. At the same time do not press an accelerator pedal.
  4. For start-off from the place on rises to avoid the spontaneous movement of the car, tighten the emergency brake.

Parking

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Press and hold a brake pedal.
  2. Completely tighten the emergency brake.
  3. Holding pressed the blocking button, install the selector lever in situation "P" and release the blocking button.

The engine can be started only when finding the lever of the selector in situation "P" or "N", see Features of operation and auxiliary systems.

At the parking out of the blue it is enough to install the selector lever in situation "P". At a considerable slope of the road at first completely tighten the emergency brake and only then transfer the selector lever to situation "P". Thanks to it load of the mechanism of blocking decreases and a selector lever conclusion from situation "P" is facilitated.

Provisions of the lever of the selector

Display: provisions of the lever of the selector

The allocated indication of actual position of the lever of the selector is brought to the display of the control panel.

Р - parking blocking

In this situation driving wheels are blocked mechanically. Include this situation only on the motionless car.

For installation of the lever of the selector in situation "P" and its movings from this situation press the blocking button (on the selector lever) and at the same time a brake pedal.

To - transfer of a backing

At inclusion of transfer of a backing transmission automatically chooses the lowest transfer relation.

Include transfer of a backing only at the motionless car and during the operation of the engine idling.

For installation of the lever of the selector in situation "R" press the button of blocking and at the same time a brake pedal. At the included ignition and finding of the lever of the selector in situation "R" backing headlights burn.

N - neutral situation (provision of idling)

This situation is the provision of idling.

D - a basic position at advance

In this situation transmission chooses automatically optimum transfer relation. The transfer relation depends on loading of the engine, speed and the dynamic program of regulation (DRP).

From situation "N" in situation "D" at a speed less than 5 km/h or the motionless car it is necessary for the translation of the lever of the selector press a brake pedal.

For an opportunity / corpulent reduction in compliance of transfer number to traffic conditions, under certain circumstances, (for example, at the movement in mountains or with the trailer) it is more preferable to switch temporarily to the Tiptronic mode, see below.

S - sports situation

Install the selector lever in situation "S" at the movement in the sports mode. This mode allows to use engine capacity reserves completely.

For the translation of the lever of the selector from situation "N" in situation "S" at a speed less than 5 km/h or the motionless car press a brake pedal.

At the inadvertent transfer during the movement of the lever of the selector to situation "N" before returning to the D or S mode, dump gas and wait for falling of turns to the idling mode.

For the reasons of fuel consumption and environmental protection on some modifications transmission is arranged so that the maximum speed of the car is reached only in situation "S".

Blocking of the lever of the selector

Blocking of the lever of the selector prevents involuntary inclusion of range of the movement and by that the spontaneous movement of the car from the place.

Central console: provision of manual switching (tiptronic)

Cancellation of blocking is carried out as follows:

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Include ignition.
  2. Press a pedal of a brake and hold at the same time pressed the blocking button.

Automatic blocking of the lever of the selector

At the included ignition the lever of the selector is blocked in situation "P" and "N". For moving it from these provisions press a brake pedal. As a reminder to the driver, when finding the lever of the selector the following indication is published in provisions "P" and "N" on the display of the control panel:

Beim Einlegen einer Fahrstufe im Stand Fussbremse betatigen (at the choice of the mode of the movement of the motionless car press a brake pedal).

Besides, on the coulisse of the lever of the selector the symbol of automatic blocking of the lever of the selector lights up.

The lever of the selector is blocked only on the motionless car, and also at a speed up to 5 km/h. At a speed approximately from 5 km/h and there is an automatic cancellation of blocking of the lever of the selector which is in situation "N" above.

At bystry (without pauses) the translation of the lever of the selector through situation "N" (for example, from situation "R" in situation "D") the lever of the selector is not blocked. It gives, for example, the chance of the movement "vraskachku" of the got stuck car. If the selector lever at the released pedal of a brake is more than 1 second in situation "N", then it is blocked.

Blocking button

The button of blocking of the lever of the selector interferes with involuntary transfer of the lever of the selector to some provisions. When pressing this button the lever of the selector is deblocked.

Blocking of a key in the ignition lock

After switching off of ignition the key can be taken from the lock only when finding the lever of the selector in situation "P" (parking blocking). After extraction of a key from the lock the lever is blocked in situation "P".

Kick-down device

The Kick-down device allows to realize the maximum acceleration.

By sharp pressing of a pedal of an accelerator with transition of a point of resistance automatic equipment switches, depending on turns and speed, to the lowered range. Switching to the following increased range happens on achievement of the maximum turns of the engine corresponding to this range at once.

Dynamic program of regulation (DRP)

Management of transmission of Multitronic® is carried out by electronics.

Management of transmission is carried out by electronics. Switching to the increased and lowered ranges is carried out according to the programs of the movement which are stored in memory.

At a reserved manner of driving automatic equipment chooses the economic program of switching.

At a temperamental manner of driving with sharp dispersals and frequent differences of speed, with use of the maximum speed or after sharp pressing a pedal of an accelerator (Kick-down) transmission switches to more sports program range.

The choice of the optimum program of the movement on specific conditions represents continuous process. However, irrespective of it, it is possible to switch to more sports program, having sharply pressed an accelerator pedal. At the same time lower transfer relation of the transmission corresponding to the actual speed of the movement joins, providing a possibility of dynamic dispersal (for example, when overtaking) without the need for sharp pressing against the stop to an accelerator pedal. At the subsequent switching to the increased range and the corresponding mode of driving work on the initial program is restored.

At movement along mountain roads the transfer relation is continuously brought into accord with the characteristic of rise. Transmission automatically is switched by pressing of a pedal of a brake at the movement under a bias to the lowered range. Thereof efficiency of braking by the engine increases.

If at movement along mountain roads it is included темпостат *, then transmission automatically chooses lower transfer relation for keeping of the set speed. It leads, however, to increase in turns of the engine.

Tiptronic mode

The manual program of switching (Tiptronic) gives to the driver the chance of manual inclusion of six programmed transfer relations (ranges of the movement).

Display: indication of manual switching (tiptronic)

Switching to the manual mode

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Wring out the selector lever from situation "D" to the right. At the included manual mode on the display indication "6 5 4 3 2 1" with allocation of the range of the movement included at the moment appears.

Switching to the increased ranges

When translating the lever of the selector forward (in situation tiptronic) there is a switching to the increased ranges (+).

Switching to the lowered ranges

When translating the lever of the selector back (in situation Tiptronic) there is a switching to the lowered ranges (-).

The manual program of switching gives the chance of manual inclusion of six programmed transfer relations (ranges of the movement). It is possible to switch to the manual mode both during the parking, and during the movement from situation "D".

At dispersal in the ranges of 1, 2, 3, 4 and the 5th transmission will automatically switch to the following increased range shortly before achievement of the maximum turns of the engine.

When switching from the increased range on lowered, automatic equipment will switch only after there is impossible a peddling increase in turns of the engine.

When falling speed of the movement (for example, when braking) and the minimum frequency of rotation of a shaft of the engine transmission will automatically switch to the following lowered range.

Switching to the lowered ranges at the movement under a bias increases efficiency of braking by the engine.

During the operation of the Kick-down device transmission switches to the following lowered range depending on speed and turns of the engine.

Emergency program

In case of malfunction of system automatic equipment switches to the emergency program.

At malfunction of system automatic equipment switches to the emergency program. About it fire of all segments on the display panel signals at once.

Return indication

At a negative luminescence of indication it is possible to continue the movement. However it is necessary to address on HUNDRED for check Multitronic® systems.

The blinking indication

The blinking indication testifies to serious malfunction of system. In this case carefully move on HUNDRED for elimination malfunctions.

Steering wheel of tiptronic

The transfer relations (ranges of the movement) can be switched by keys of a steering wheel.

Steering wheel: keys

Switching to the increased ranges

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Press the top party of one of keys.

Switching to the lowered ranges

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Press the lower party of one of keys.

Keys of switching of ranges on a steering wheel are in an operating mode when the lever of the selector is installed in situation "D", "S" or in the provision of the manual program of switching (Tiptronic). Certainly, at the same time also manual switching of ranges the selector lever on the central console is possible.